A hydroponic system is a modern method of growing plants in water-based solutions. Peat moss, clay pellets, rock wool, coconut coir, etc. are examples of the media that support the roots.
- Quick growth, 20- 25% more than soil farming.
- More produce, over 25-30% more than soil farming.
- Less tasking for roots to acquire water and mineral salts.
There are different types of hydroponic techniques that effectively support the technological system such as the following;
- Deep Water Culture.
- Ebb and Flow.
- Nutrient Film Technique.
- Drip System.
Grow light is an artificial light provided to the hydroponic environment. It is well-regulated to a spectrum matching the sun’s rays that support photosynthesis. Types of grow lights include:
- T5 fluorescent lamp.
- High-Intensity Discharge (HID) Hydroponic Lights.
- Light Emitting Diode (LED) Grow-Light Panel.
A grow tent is used to create an indoor environment that perfectly suits the condition for the hydroponic gardening. A good grow tent should be:
- Heat resistant and have a reflective inside.
- Strong fabric density, e.g. nylon and polyester.
- Light-tight. No light escapes to the outside.
- Strong poles that can withstand diverse weather conditions.
The following supplies will be required to set up a quality hydroponic garden;
- Water pumps.
- Air pumps and stones.
- Hydroponic cleaners and accessories.
- Tubing and fitting.
- Hydroponic system
The hydroponic systems are modern soil-free farming that works well only if the soil PH levels and the nutrients are well managed. In as much as it is costly to set up, it is very productive.